Napoleon Bonaparte, French general and Emperor. Napoleon (1769-1821) enjoyed a meteoric rise through the ranks of the French Revolutionary army. In 1799 he led a coup to overthrow the government, the Directory, and became first consul and effective dictator of France. In 1804, he declared himself Emperor, and began a series of military campaigns across Europe, the Napoleonic Wars. Victories such as Austerlitz and Jena led to France establishing its power across much of the continent. In 1812, however, Napoleon embarked on a disastrous invasion of Russia and defeat at Leipzig in 1813 led to his abdication and exile to Elba. He ecaped in 1815, raised another army, but was finally defeated by Wellington at Waterloo, and exiled again to St Helena.
Good condition, with a nod to the above mentioned crack. The panel on which the painting is done has bent over the years, the crack a result of someone trying to flatten it. I added a few small sections of curved wood to the inside of the frame to try and hold the painting in its curved shape so as to reduce the cracks appearance (so keep that in mind if you want to remove the painting). The frame is in great shape, thick & heavy bronze with slide-out full panel backing, easel stand and hanging ring. See pictures for all measurements.
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